1984 Comparison Essay

Transcript of English Project: Surveillance in 1984 Compared to the Present Day

What is 1 constant held in all our lives? Surveillance... well, besides death and taxes of course. We live in an age where it
is laughable to say you're alone and where privacy cannot be purchased with a set of curtains.We are constantly being watched, tracked, listened to, investigated and scrutinized. Virtually our whole identities are public
information. Sure this open concept brings us
closer together, but how close is too close?
Where do we draw the line? Sadly, these
questions are too late in coming. For the
world of George Orwell's 1984 has become a
representation of ours.The line we
should have drawn has been
long since crossed.
BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU
Our Modern 21st Century Society
Surveillance
We've all read 1984, well most of us... Whether you've read it or not we can all agree surveillance plays a key role in the novel. However, did you manage to discover all the surveillance mechanisms used by the party? The citizens of Oceania are constantly under a microscope; their lives being dissected to see if it agrees with the Party's 'ideal' society. Every aspect of their lives are under control and scrutiny. Big Brother even has the power to change your beliefs and your love, as we learned in the final pages of 1984. Winston transformed from a miserable party member to a novice member of the Brotherhood and finally to another brainwashed Big Brother lover and the surveillance devices at work documented every second.
Quotes From The Novel
“The telescreen received and transmitted simultaneously. Any sound Winston made, above the level of a very low whisper, would be picked up by it; moreover, so long as he remained within the field of vision which the metal plaque commanded, he could be seen as well as heard. There was of course no way of knowing whether you were being watched at any given moment. How often, or on what system, the Thought Police plugged in on any individual wire was guesswork. It was even conceivable that they watched everybody all the time. But at any rate they could plug into your wire whenever they wanted to.” – Pages 4-5, Nineteen Eighty-Four
“Thoughtcrime does not entail death: thoughtcrime IS death.” – Page 30, Nineteen Eighty-Four
“Privacy, he said, was a very valuable thing. Everyone wanted a place where they could be alone occasionally.” – Pages 144, Nineteen Eighty-Four
“The children, on the other hand, were systematically turned against their parents and taught to spy on them and report their deviations. The family had become in effect an extension of the Thought Police.” – Page 140, Nineteen Eighty-Four
Security Cameras and Audio Recording
Camera's play an integral role in keeping our society under surveillance. They're used to prevent criminal activity, cultivating piece of mind, apprehend criminals and notify police about suspicious behavior.
However, owners must post a notice and have them visible before entering the premises.Unused footage is to be destroyed between 24 hours-30 days.
Spydialer.com is a website which associates a number and a name with any missed call or voice mail, without the number holder knowing.
There are also many different audio and video recording devices that document time/ date/ location stamp the recordings
Advancements in technology have revolutionized the way we as a society communicate and function. The twentieth century gave rise to the internet, dozens of satellites, radio communications, GPS technology and countless other ways of capturing, documenting and recording our lives. All these technologies often are run, regulated, funded by the government. They're in possession of a vast network of surveillance, always knowing what you know, seeing what you see, hearing what you hear, and never leaving you completely alone. Comforting is it? Having a Big Brother to watch over you, protect you, and guide you. Big Brother? More like creepy uncle... We lay defenseless, helpless and paralyzed by the government's hand. Though still driven with a false sense of security, privacy and power. We are completely distracted by the very devices that stalk us, often ignorant we are the fuel to our own demise.
The Wonderful Internet
All information accessed through the internet is stored on countless hard drives in large information centers and distributed via broadband, satellite, and cellular connections. The first use was to exchange data between researchers.
Anything done on the internet can never be permanently deleted. Internet activity is stored as ‘cookie’ information on your computer. Your ‘cookies’ are also merged with a profile associated with your computer’s IP & MAC address, meaning your computer has an online identity which all the information you save – whether it be an address, password, website or name – is stored within.
Government agencies, as well as websites and corporations, are legally allowed to access this activity and analyze it to seek out key info. The Government searches for terrorism, crime and other potential threats. Websites and corporations search to ‘optimize your browsing experience’ and to improve their products using trends in the info they find.
Every time you “Accept to these terms and conditions,” you are allowing that source to any of the information it specified. It only requires a gender or age combined with an IP and MAC address to acquire your name and then all information about you that you have ever saved on the internet. You’re branded with a code, just as in 1984.
Privacy Settings and App Permissions
Internet Privacy Settings:
Site’s which you supply personal, private information for often have privacy settings. Facebook, twitter and other social networking sites have privacy settings. These limit who can view the information you publish on the site.
Privacy setting protects you from other users from acquiring your personal information. However, as said before, all your information can still be accessed with the given skill set. Again nothing you put online is private.
App and Website Permissions:
Apps, websites and programs often have terms of use and permissions agreement. To use the software you must accept the terms conditions and permissions. When you accept, the software is then allowed to use any of the information specified in permissions clause. The Facebook app is allowed to use the devices’ camera or microphone at any time and gather pictures and sounds off the device.
Google as well as other applications/search engines often automatically enable ‘location’ which gives the site or app where you are exactly in the world do give you better results, this can be disabled. If left enabled, your location will be broad casted with all the information you send and
receive, therefore being easily tracked.
Satellites and GPS
Global Positioning System:
The Global Positioning System relies on satellites emitting
signals, and a receiver (cellphones and other GPS ready devices) receiving signals. The receiver takes the signal from at least 3 of
the 27 satellites (more connections improve accuracy). The receiver calculates how long it takes the signal from each satellite to reach it and can therefore calculate the distance. Using trilateration it pinpoints the location of the receiver and cross-references it with a map of the earth, giving a set of coordinates.
GPS can be activated any time and can be used to track someone’s movements, as well as altitude and location.
Satellites:
Satellites are mounted with a variety of sensors. They have the ability to take high definition photos of the Earth’s surface and map the geography of the earth. This in combination with GPS technology can track you and take photos of you, where you are and what you’re doing.
Often referred to as ‘the eyes in the sky’ simply because they
can be watching you at any moment.
More Quotes

“In a place like this, the danger that there would be a hidden microphone was very small, and even if there was a microphone it would only pick up sounds.” – Page 141, Nineteen Eight-Four

“He took a twenty-five cent piece out of his pocket. There, too, in tiny lettering, the same slogans were inscribed, and on the other face of the coin the head of Big Brother. Even from the coin the eyes pursued you. On coins, on stamps, on the covers of books, on banners, on posters and on the wrapping of a cigarette packet – everywhere. Always the eyes watching you and the voice enveloping you. Asleep or awake, working or eating, indoors or out of doors, in the bath or in bed – no escape. Nothing was your own except the few cubic centimetres inside your skull.” – Page 29, Nineteen Eighty-Four
The Unpredictable Path to the Future of Surveillance
What’s to come of this already uncontrollable lack of privacy? Will society reach a point where not only everyone’s actions, but everyone's thoughts are watched, listened to and controlled? Already surveillance systems are practically able to think for themselves, not yet in the same way that a human can but technology is getting close. Who’s to say that in a few years surveillance systems won't be capable of such things? There will be no more need for body guards, or security guards, only microphones and cameras. The majority of time that you’re being watched, you may not even know it. Technology has come to a point in which small insect-like 'cyborgs' are the very near future of surveillance. Hard to spot and control, they will watch your every move. If you believe that your life is already on enough of a display, just wait, who knows what the future might hold.
War is Peace
Freedom is Slavery
Ignorance is Strength

Work Cited
http://www.activistpost.com/2013/02/biometrics-is-future-of-surveillance.html
http://www.technologyspectator.com.au/sneak-peek-future-surveillance
http://www.networkworld.com/community/blog/future-drone-surveillance-swarms-cyborg-insect-drones
http://www.bookrags.com/notes/1984/TOP4.html
http://pactlab-dev.spcomm.uiuc.edu/drupal/2009cmn280s/node/3922
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_privacy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_surveillance
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2000/09/000904125555.htm
http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/gadgets/travel/gps.htm/printable
http://www.theweathernetwork.com/traffic_cameras/
http://blog.trapster.com/2011/02/18/the-difference-between-red-light-cameras-traffic-cameras/
http://www.popularmechanics.com/cars/news/industry/2420766
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ankle_monitor
http://www.popularmechanics.com/technology/how-to/computer-security/future-of-surveillance-cameras http://www.activistpost.com/2013/02/biometrics-is-future-of-surveillance.html http://www.technologyspectator.com.au/sneak-peek-future-surveillance
Types of Surveillance in 1984
Telescreens – At work, at home, in public buildings or areas. They see and hear everything, and are the main source of surveillance.
Microphones – Hidden in trees or other places in the country, voices can then be traced back.
Thought Crimes – Thought Police catch anyone suspected of thought crime. They watch through telescreens, and use children as spies, to listen in and eventually betray their parents or others.
Community Involvement – Every member of Oceania is expected to attend community events and gatherings, and attendance is closely monitored. If you are absent for quite a few, it becomes very suspicious.
Party Members in Prole Areas – If other party members see you in the prole area, you are yet again under suspicion.
George Orwell's 1984
Anklets, Highway Traffic Cameras, Double Sided Mirrors.
Double Sided Mirrors:
Most of us know them from shows like CSI and Criminals Minds, window on the investigator’s side, and mirror on the suspect’s side.
They are used in public places such as stores, showrooms, warehouses, offices, daycares, and banks.
Can also be used in public washrooms, change rooms or other ‘private’ public locations.It is light that makes the ‘mirror’ appear to be a real mirror – it is darkness that makes it see through.
The only way to see through the mirror is if the viewing side is darker than the other side, ideally there should be no light on the viewing side.
Highway Cameras:
Located next to highways or intersections in specific locations across a province or city.
Can be accessed by anyone via internet, in either video or still-photo form.
Meant to allow drivers to check road and weather conditions before heading out, and for monitoring centers to report collisions.
There are also Red Light Cameras, which take pictures of license plates (and often the drivers), in order to issue tickets for speeding, running red lights or other infractions.
They are meant to encourage safer driving, but in many places rear-end collisions have increased. This is because river’s are afraid of getting a ticket, and slam on their brakes.
Both are controversial, as many question their breach of privacy.
Ankle Monitors:
People on house arrest or parole are usually required to wear these, as a tracking device.
They are tamper-resistant, meaning they cannot be removed, and they can withstand every day activity including showering.
They send radio frequency signals at timed intervals to a receiver.
If the individual moves outside of their allowed range or location, police are notified.
By: Brooke Giles, Cassidy Knights,
Kristy Karsch, James Oliver
What Does Technology Have in Store?
Insect drones:
Tiny insect-like surveillance systems, able to watch and listen in to conversations much more discreetly than the cameras of today.
Some of the ones built today have a wingspan of 3 millimeters.
Currently used for military purposes
AWARE (The Automated Warning and Response Engine):
Already there are systems in which cameras can think for themselves.
Surveillance systems are able to detect any sort of trouble and report it.
With illegally parked cars, AWARE is capable of zooming in on license plates without human involvement.
Improvements on this system, and systems similar to it are soon to come.
Cellphones:
Every text sent and received can be tracked.
Your current location can be pinpointed.
Police can hack into your phone's microphone to listen in on conversations.
Sooner or later your every move may be watched through the little camera on your phone.

Full transcript

Mark Hines
June 4th, 2004

Comparison Essay
1984 and Lord Of The Flies</i>


The Lord Of The Flies and 1984 are two stories created in the period of self-examination that followed the Second World War, more specifically the introduction of the nuclear bomb and its atrocities committed on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.  The novel 1984, written by George Orwell, acts as a satirical warning of totalitarianism and the danger of political corruption of reality (known today as spin). While the novel Lord Of The Flies, written by William Golding, is an allegory for humanity’s inherent darkness shown using a microcosm of primitive civilization.  The two novels’ main themes may contrast each other but both novels deal with the flaws of humanity in respect to society. An important part of 1984 and Lord Of The Flies was the mood and tone that constantly pushed the plots along and maintained an active interest. Golding uses Lord Of The Flies to communicate his belief that all people have the hidden inclination to destroy and hurt others without rational cause. On the other hand, Orwell tells of a world that will come about where loyalty, love, hatred, and fear can be corrupted in order to drive a perpetually oppressed society, if we are not careful.

The central themes in Lord Of The Flies and 1984 varied on the absence and presence of civilized government, while both novels had irresponsible leadership resulting from the corrupting influence of power. In 1984, Orwell envisions an invasive, oppressing government, emerging from the wreckage of nuclear war, having the capabilities to perpetually stay in power by only operating in a way that benefits its survival. In Lord Of The Flies, Jack seizes power from Ralph by using everyone’s fear of the unknown and instituting a mob mentality. Therefore, Golding is saying that in a primitive civilization, those that strive for power will use cruel, sometimes unthinkable, means to gain power. While Orwell sees a future where a select few can effectively control the information, using technology, so that they need only benefit themselves and not have to raise their following up in comfort. The similarity between what the two authors are saying is worth noting because there is flawed humanity in both respects. The need to keep others down and rule over them could be the inherent darkness of which Golding writes so pessimistically. The main theme of Lord Of The Flies is humanity’s inherent darkness; this can be seen in the title, which is a direct analogy to Beelzebub, which has become synonymous with Satan/evil.  While 1984’s main theme is the speculation that eventually the government will become so corrupt it will be able to erase the past and therefore become omniscient which would make it possible to control opinions and get away with no longer serving its people. The protagonist in Nineteen Eighty-Four is reduced to a sniveling shell of his former self and left alive as a warning to other dissenters, this acted as a far better resolution than Lord Of The Flies ‘out of the frying pan and into the fire’ resolution with the naval officer in wartime discovering them. The themes are irreconcilably connected through the frailty of humanity in the face of corrupting power, although Golding’s resolution was less effective than Orwell’s.

George Orwell and William Golding are both saying human beings flawed. George Orwell is saying they are corrupted by power into becoming bad but William Golding is making his case that people are innately flawed and bad. George Orwell’s satirically brilliant 1984 depicts a grotesquely totalitarian super-state with its government too overwhelming for it to be overthrown. Power corrupts its officials and policy-makers to create The Party, which acts only to ensure its continued hold over society. Power corrupts people. However, Orwell says you are born with a destructive undercurrent within you, without regulations they become shockingly apparent, with laws and order there are still wars between nations. Ergo, people are already corrupt. Because there is evidence today in what Orwell has predicted for his book, he makes the more realistic point. The argument of nature versus nurture cannot be rectified based on comparing these two novels. Both are well-written arguments with 1984 having the more relevant message.

The Lord Of The Flies begins in an undefined, alien setting and devolves into a cycle of cyclic disorganization. Contrastingly, in 1984 the problems of a monotonous oppressed existence are highlighted with control being a prevalent force throughout most of the novel. The disorganization in Lord Of The Flies is important to present the immaturity of the children and dualistically the shortcomings of the average person’s ability to think and act in a responsible manner without having boundaries. An example of their inclination for confusion occurs early in Lord Of The Flies, “The space under the palm trees was full of noise and movement. Ralph was on his feet too, shouting for quiet, but no one heard him. All at once the crowd swayed toward the island and was gone – following Jack.” (P.38) The confusion that is evident throughout Golding’s book helps to hide his intricate planning and reoccurring symbolism. However, 1984’s sense of paranoia and suspicion is far more elaborate and enveloping. Attention to the atmosphere of constant fear of being revealed is apparent surrounding all of Winston’s actions. The foreboding tone effectively portrays the seriousness of Big Brother, the Thought Police, and the other mechanisms of control. The paranoia is evident in the opening page with, “On each landing, opposite the lift shaft, the poster with the enormous face gazed from the wall. It was one of those pictures which are so contrived that the eyes follow you about when you move. BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU, the caption beneath it ran.”(P. 3) The overwhelming sense of caution created in this story acts as a mouthpiece for the author’s argument against unmitigated surveillance into the private lives of civilians. The unsettling invasion of one’s personal life by a corrupt government waiting to persecute anyone appearing to be against The Party is an important element in 1984, it is carried out very well by using the convention of ‘telescreens’ (a two-way television sets that cannot be shut off). An example of their effectiveness in portraying the mood is, “The telescreen received and transmitted simultaneously. Any sound that Winston made, above the level of a very low whisper, would be picked up by it; moreover, so long as he remained within the field of vision which the metal plaque commanded, he could be seen as well as heard… …You had to live…in the assumption that every sound you made was overheard, and, except in darkness, every movement scrutinized.” (P.5) Contrasting the ultra-order presented in 1984 is the chaotic mood evident in every high-point of action for Lord Of The Flies is, “At once the crowd surged after [the beast/Simon], poured down the rock, leapt on to the beast, screamed, struck, bit, tore. There were no words, and no movements but the tearing of teeth and claws.”(P.153) While Lord Of The Flies’ mood is effective in displaying the barbarism it is significantly less fleshed out. William Golding’s Lord Of The Flies is less encompassing than George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four due to Nineteen Eighty-Four’s superb and consistent tone.

George Orwell’s 1984 and William Golding’s Lord Of The Flies are great pieces of literature for numerous reasons, Orwell’s book does has the more useful message making it the better of the two. The paranoid mood in 1984 outshines Lord Of The Flies and its mood. The social commentary offered up by both of the novels questioned nature over nurture while looking at darkness in an individual, 1984 made a better case as it resolved itself much more effectively. The corrupting nature of power was a more worthwhile theme than Lord Of The Flies’ theme of civilization reverts to barbarism when it is outside the confines of law. Both books are worth reading and they both present interesting perspectives into the human condition, George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four is the better novel due to its relevance and entertainment value. It is a relevance that should have been seen as bizarre, but the victor has always written history, so as technology progresses the writing becomes more sweeping and less and less noticeable.

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